Monday, January 6, 2014

Dictionary of Psychology letter F



Factor Analysis  
A statistical technique used to determine the number of components in a set of data.  These components are then named according to their characteristics allowing a researcher to break down information into statistical groups.

Factorial ANOVA
An Analysis of Variance used when there are two or more independent variables. When there are two, the ANOVA is called a Two-Way ANOVA, three independent variables would use a Three-Way ANOVA, etc.

Family Therapy 
Treatment involving family members which seeks to change the unhealthy familial patterns and interactions.

Fixation
In Freud's theory of psychosexual development, the failure to complete a stage successfully which results in a continuation of that stage into later adulthood.

Fixed Interval Schedule   
A schedule in which the reinforcement is presented after a specific period of time.

Fixed Ratio Schedule 
A schedule in which the reinforcement is presented after a specific number of responses.

Fetish  
A condition in which arousal and/or sexual gratification is attained through inanimate objects (shoes, pantyhose) or non-sexual body parts (feet, hair).  Is considered a problem when the object is needed in order to obtain arousal or gratification and the individual cannot complete a sexual act without this object present.

Frequency Distribution
A table showing the number of occurrences for each score

Frequency Effect 
The phenomenon in memory which states that we tend to remember information better if it is repeated.

Freud, Sigmund 
Dr. Freud is often referred to as the father of clinical psychology.  His extensive theory of personality development (psychoanalytical theory) is the cornerstone for modern psychological thought, and consists of (1) the psychosexual stages of development, (2) the structural  model of personality (id, ego, superego), and (3) levels of consciousness (conscious, subconscious, and unconscious).  See Psychoanalysis.

Flooding
A behavioral technique used to treat phobias in which the client is presented with the feared stimulus until the associated anxiety disappears.

Fluid Intelligence
According to Cattell, the part of intelligence which involves the use, as opposed to the acquisition, of information.

Formal Operational Stage
Pavlov's fourth and final stage of cognitive development where thinking becomes more abstract.

Framing
Presenting information either positively or negatively in order to change the influence is has on an individual or group.

Free Association
The psychoanalytic technique of allowing a patient to talk without direction or input in order to analyze current issues of the client.

Frontal Lobe
The lobe at the front of the brain associated with movement, speech, and impulsive behavior.

Frustration
The feelings, thoughts, and behaviors associated with not achieving a particular goal or the belief that a goal has been prematurely interrupted.

Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis
The theory arguing that aggression is the natural reaction to frustration.

Functionalism
The school of thought popular in the 19th century emphasizing conscious experiences as a precursor to behavior

Fundamental Attribution Error 
The tendency to overestimate the internal attributes of another person's actions.


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Dictionary of Psychology letter F
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Jennifer Delgado Suárez

Psicologist by profession and passion, dedicated to string words together. Discover my Books

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